ITALIAN STYLE “BARGUEÑO”, TORTOISESHELL, 17TH CENTURY.

Antiques - Furniture
Reference: Z5732

Bargueño Italian style, decoration in tortoise, 17th century.
Open sample desk located on claws with ball of rectangular shape. The front presents the central zone advanced and outstanding, with chapel; the lateral ones present, each one, ten drawers with closing to key organized in two lines; The work is completed by an ornate corridor with a railing of vegetable scrolls topped with birds on vases. The center of the front presents architectural decoration: base and pedestals for the four columns that flank the central niche with sculpture, and an upper entablature topped by a railing and ornamented plates with patterns of cherubs and plants in gilded metal; when opening the chapel, a series of decorated drawers are discovered on their fronts with geometric inlay.
The general scheme of the furniture responds to a very widespread and valued model in seventeenth-century Europe, of which the best examples have been, as a rule, those of Italian manufacture. Many of the decorative motifs of the work respond to this influence, such as the head of a winged angel or grotesque, while others are very common throughout the continent throughout the century, like bird claws synthesized on a ball or the concentration of decoration in the sample. In Spain, this desk of Italian influence coexisted throughout the seventeenth century with the most traditional bargueño, with which they used to relate less decorative displays and materials. However, so appreciated would be this typology that its compositional clarity would not be broken until the entrance of Rococo in the 18th century.
The practice of using tortoiseshell plates in furniture resurfaced in Europe during the seventeenth century. The high price and high demand for furniture with sea turtle shell can be explained by the scarcity of material, which was essential to import (usually from Central America) and that, for their work, a highly specialized workforce was required. As is normal for this type of furniture, also called "litter bins" because it contains important documents, the tortoiseshell plates were very often highlighted with decorations in gilded metal, being very normal the use of bronze for it."


· Size: 116x90x46 cms.

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