Antiques - Miscellaneous / Silver Works
Reference: Z6303

Gothic silver processional cross, 16th century.
With locality marks (Cervera).
Magnificent Gothic cross made of chiseled silver from those used in processions. Of Latin type, it presents the straight arms with flordelised terminations preceded by quadrilobed medallions and reliefs, and is separated from the shaft by an architectural temple with buttresses, columns and pinnacles and a band of openwork elements. The foot, polygonal, is topped by a knot and some scrolls, and its fronts are engraved with vegetal and geometric elements. The cresting is an element that did not appear before the fifteenth century.
On one of the faces there is a crucifix of three nails in the center of the cross, flanked by several figures. Above, a pelican feeds its young with its blood (according to numerous medieval bestiaries and texts of, for example, Saint Thomas of Aquino or Saint Isidore of Seville, was what they did, symbolizing with it the Passion of Christ and the Eucharist). On the sides, the Virgin and Saint John, referring to the theme of Deesis, iconography closely related to the Last Judgment in which Mary and the Apostle, who appears on the eagle that is her emblem, act as intercessors of Humanity. Below, a lamb introduces the figure of Agnus Dei, with which Jesus Christ is referred to as a victim of sacrifice for sins.
On the other side the Virgin appears crowned with the Child in the center of the cross. The remaining Apostles with their respective Tetramorph emblems have been placed on the lateral and lower crossbars: the winged man under Matthew, below the lion with Mark, and the bull with Luke. In the architectural knot there are a series of figures of saints among which San Lorenzo can be identified.
This typology of processional cross is common in Gothic Spain. Other similar examples are the crosses of the Victorian Albert Museum, the Museum of Art Ohio, the Monastery of Llivia, San Martin de Sarroca, or the crosses of the Episcopal Museum of VIc.
The locality contrast marks located in different areas (7 brands) in the nimbus of San Marcos and in the panel behind the Virgin among others, place the creation of the work in Cervera, Barcelona, as well as the aforementioned Cruz de Montblanc , published in "Gothic silverware in Tarragona and province" pag. 95 fig 52, also marked in Cervera and of practically identical typology.
Hexagonal cannon probably later.
Possible repairs to the trough."

· Size: 14x40X104 cms.(Con soporte altura 174 cms.)

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