EMPIRE GILT BRONZE AND CUT-GLASS SIXTEEN-LIGHT CHANDELIER, POSSIBLY FROM CLAUDE GALLE (1759-1815). FRANCE, CA 1815. FITTED FOR ELECTRICITY.

Antiques - Furniture
Reference: Z6566

Empire lamp in glass and gilt bronze. By 1815. Attributed to Claude Galle.
16-arm ceiling lamp formed by a central axis from which several circles, of different radii, start. The lower one features an embossed flower decoration; the medium is decorated in the same way, and from it arise the arms that end in the tubes that held the candles, formed by stems and decorated with putti holding garlands and acroteras; the superior, with the same flowers, has more acrobats that start from scrolls and plant motifs. The three rings are joined and highlighted by polygonal transparent glass beads and tears of the same material, faceted to highlight the glare produced by the lights. It has been adapted for use with electric light.
This type of candlesticks, with small arms and hidden among a multitude of glass beads, were very common in the main French residences since the seventeenth century. It is known as the Empire style that took place in France at the beginning of the 19th century, during the government of Emperor Napoleon I Bonaparte (1769-1821), and that, broadly, reworked the Directory Style by complicating it and highlighting opulence, but maintaining the direct influences of works of classical Antiquity that he had, especially those of the time of Imperial Rome. Note the acroteras, scrolls, garlands, stems ... of the present example.
In France, since the seventeenth century, the government paid unusual attention to the legislation and creation of highly specialized guilds for working with bronze and gold and the formation of workshops that work with rich materials to combine them with metal. As a result, the French specialized foundries managed to gain the primacy in the realization of all kinds of interior decorating pieces from the end of the 17th to the 19th century, with clocks, chandeliers, small sculptures, etc.
Claude Galle (Villepreux, Versailles, 1759 - Paris, 1815) was one of the main broncists of the final periods of Louis XVI and Empire. He began his training in Paris as an apprentice of the founder Pierre Foy, whose daughter he married in 1784. He acquired the rank of teacher two years later, and succeeded his father-in-law at the head of the workshop from 1788, making him soon one of the finest in Europe, with about 400 employees. Named "Garde-Meuble" of the French Crown, between 1786 and 1788 and under the direction of the sculptor Jean Hauré, he made numerous and outstanding works. He collaborated with numerous artists, including Pierre-Philippe Thomire, and most of the bronzes of the Château de Fontainebleau emerged from his hands. Despite his success, and due to the delay of his patrons in making payments, he struggled financially. His workshop continued to function under the direction of his son, Gérard-Jean Galle (1788-1846) after his death. His works are preserved, in addition to outstanding private collections, in the Palace of Saint-Cloud, in the Trianons, Rambouillet, Monte Cavallo, Rome, the Marmottan Museum in Paris, the Clocks of Jerez de la Frontera in Spain, Victoria & Albert from London, etc. It should be noted that all these large lamps were made only by prior order in his workshop, and that he made, for example, one in 1807 for the Palais de Meudon, and another of 24 lights for the Salon des Grands Officiers of the Grand Trianons."


· Size: 100x100x120 cms.

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