GILT BRONZE AND BACCARAT GLASS CHANDELIER. FRANCE, 19TH CENTURY.

Antiques - Furniture
Reference: Z6636

Ceiling light. Bronze overgrown, Baccarat glass. France. XIX century.
Ceiling chandelier made of gilt bronze with a central axis highlighted by glass elements shaped like a vase and balusters. Around this center a series of elements have been arranged in the golden metal: below, a series of curved arms (some with a right angle to give elegance to the placement of the lights) that end in the lighters of the candles, which they have glass saucers to prevent the fall of the wax; at medium height a composition combining with the glass reminiscent of an architectural railing; at the top, a series of stalks come out, the upper ones ending in ways reminiscent of wheat ears. The whole lamp has been decorated, in addition, with a great variety of beads and pendants of different sizes and shapes: of compound profiles, faceted spherical, in the form of a star or flower, of tear and vase. From the bottom hangs a faceted sphere of transparent, hollow glass. All these elements show straight and clean lines in order to multiply the brightness and reflections of the lamp lights. As for the elements in gilt bronze, these have a fine decoration based on motifs of classicist inspiration (garlands, moldings and stretch marks, mainly), with the particularity of the spikes of the upper part.
This type of large lamps were created by the best glass factories in Europe in the nineteenth century, highlighting the French for the attention to design and aesthetic developments of the moment and the quality of their materials, in this case both glass like bronze and the overdoing of it. The design of this spider can be related to several examples preserved in private and dated collections, especially in the middle of the century.
The glass factory in Baccarat (France) was founded in 1764: King Louis XV allowed Louis-Joseph de Laval Montmorency (1710-1802) to create a factory in this city, which initially dealt with window panels, mirrors and glasses until the furnaces began to work in 1816, with great success from the beginning. The factory received its first royal commission in 1823, marking the beginning of a "golden age" in which it would also make numerous exports and commissions from important foreign personalities. In addition, it expanded its production with a remarkable variety of objects: spiders, perfume bottles, decorative glasses, paperweight “millefiori”, etc. With the defeat of Napoleon III in 1867 the French Imperial Era ended, and Baccarat opened up to influences from outside the country (especially Japanese) and extended its market through Asia, increasing its fame with more commissions from European royalty. Currently, he continues to work, and is present throughout the world."


· Size: 100x100x145 cms

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