PAIR OF RELIEFS. POLYCHROMED AND GILT WOOD. CASTILIAN SCHOOL, SPAIN, 16TH CENTURY.

Antiques -
Reference: ZE124

Pair of reliefs. Carved, polychrome and gilded wood. Castilian school, sixteenth century.
Pair of carved and polychrome wooden reliefs with religious figurative scenes set against a backdrop of landscape and under half-pointed arches, which present geometrical quadrangles with simple moldings in the spandrels. One of the panels shows Christ half-naked, tied to a column of smooth and tall shaft with capital (reminiscent of the Ionic order), and flanked by two soldiers with armor of influence of Roman antiquity (one with a three-tailed whip and the other raising a kind of bundle of branches). In the other panel Jesus is bound, seated, covered with a golden cloak or mantle, and accompanied by three other soldiers dressed in armor similar to those of the other relief and holding various items in their hands.
For the positions of the characters and the elements they have in their hands, it can be said that the first of the panels shows the Flagellation and the second would be a Scarlet (or, more specifically, the moment of the Coronation of Thorns). The first relief shows Jesus tied with his arms behind his back and a foot, to a column of tall and smooth shaft with topped with a capital that is very similar to those of Roman Doric order; the fighters or soldiers that flank him have moved postures, and classic air attire. The other also has a clear Renaissance influence both in the anatomy of the figures and in certain elements, and resembles in some small details engravings of this same theme (Hieronymus Wierix, etc.).
It was not until the second third of the sixteenth century that sculptors emerged in Spain who reached great heights in the Spanish Renaissance, inspired by Italian forms, but providing their own national touch, creating different schools, and with a clear preference for polychrome wood and stewed. In this time, one of the main workshops was Valladolid, with names like Alonso Berruguete and Juan de Juni. Later, the art was evolving towards a classicist or romanist mannerism, with an important influence of Italian masters, with clear influence of Michelangelo and names like Gaspar Becerra, Esteban Jordán, Juan de Ancheta, etc."


· Size: 34,5x5x72,5 cms. / 26x6x72 cms.

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