FRENCH BRONZE MANTLE CLOCK. 19TH CENTURY.

Antiques -
Reference: ZF0125

Table clock. Ormolu. Signed Dumont, Paris, 19th century.
Table clock with white dial, Roman numeration for hours and vertical lines for minutes, gilded bronze hands and signature in black letters (Dumont à Paris). The body has small legs that raise it slightly, decorated with moldings of different widths and diameters. Above these stands a pedestal formed by two parts (the lower one larger than the upper one), decorated with a series of embossed scenes, in addition to two burning hearts crossed by two arrows and surrounded by a wreath of flowers, and vegetable palms . On the dial is a winged, young male figure, who holds a branch in one of his hands and a stick with leaves and fruits in the other, carries a quiver with arrows behind his back, a short sword hanging from the waist and presents a series of objects (helmet ...) at your feet. On that staggered base, the reliefs show several mythological figurative themes: Apollo punishing Marsias for challenging him by touching the howls; two taps flanking a center of leaves and other elements; two ladies before a man sitting in what a temple could (perhaps Diogenes); a courtship of putti playing tubes and pushing a car pulled by lions in which Cupid appears sitting.
The identity of the figure sitting on the top of the table clock is related to classical mythology, given the aesthetics of the piece and the embossed decoration of the front. Clearly, it is not about the Archangel Saint Michael, it may be an Allegory of Summer (by the branch it shows), a Wind, or some minor divinity of the Roman pantheon. This theme, of classic influence but centered on the characters that do not star in the great myths or the most known moments, was common in the decorative arts of the nineteenth century. Exception to this rule, in the present case, would be the punishment of Marsias, an unusual subject given the nature of the same, considered unfit for an interior, since decorum was always given priority.
In Europe it was the adoption and improvement of the pendulum in the seventeenth century that changed the evolution of watches radically. From that moment, a technological evolution began that led the English and French master watchmakers to be the most valued in the following centuries. The latter were recognized and appreciated by the figures and the luxurious materials with which the boxes were decorated and, thanks to the technical advances carried out in the country, also for the quality of the mechanisms.
As for the use of overdosed bronze, this material played a leading role in the decoration of French interiors from, above all, the end of the 17th century until the 19th century. Its quality was due, above all, to a high degree of specialization of the workshops responsible for its production and a rigid system of regulations that regulated the two unions that had the exclusivity of this material: that of “fondeurs-ciseleurs” (smelters and chisellers) and that of "ciseleurs-doreurs" (smelters and gilders)."


· Size: 35x12x49 cms.

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