Antiques -
Reference: ZF0374

Processional cross shot with Crucified. Copper. 13th century
Processional cross top made of copper decorated with four oval spaces framed in green tones and engraved lines drawing plant elements on the flower-shaped tops, a "luster" form for the background highlighting the smooth band that has the “INRI” poster throughout the whole piece; on the back, the decoration repeats the vegetal elements at the mentioned ends, “S” lines framing simplified vegetal details and, in the center, a Christ with the Book and blessing in a tondo. To the front, and subject with three nails following the most common iconography of the European Gothic, a figure of Jesus Crucified is placed in the same material as the cross, with the crowned and inclined head, simplified anatomy and purity cloth a little below the knees.
This type of liturgical work was used in processions and other important liturgical acts, changing often when there were economic means for it and thus following the new fashions. Because of its relationship with the Catholic religion and its use in important events, it was preferred to use precious metals and materials for its realization (gold, silver, silver, enamels, precious stones ...); in case the parish or ecclesiastical authority cannot afford its cost, they were carried out in other more humble ones in comparison but with the appearance of wealth (like the present case, in gilded copper). In this second case, the fashions and techniques of silverware were also followed, being able to find striking similarities in works of different materials. The typology of this cross auction, known as “flordelisada” for the ends of the arms of the same, was one of the most common in the Spanish silverware of the time and enjoyed a long tradition.
Compare the cross with another of 1400 silver from the Museum of the Cathedral of Tarragona; with the so-called "Cruz de Torrijas" (13th century, today in the Museum of Sacred Art of Teruel) of copper with cabochons of similar profile; with that of the Municipal Cemetery of Muriel Viejo (Soria); or with the most elaborate first-third cross of the 15th century in silver-plated silver from the National Archaeological Museum of Madrid (from the church of San Martín de la Vega de Paje, Asturias, and of realization linked to Burgos); with the processional cross of the late fourteenth century, from Spain and currently preserved in the Metropolitan Museum in New York (inv. 36,134); or with the piece with enamels of the fourteenth century from Urruez and found in the Museum of the Altarpiece of Burgos, etc."

· Size: 26x2x45 cms.

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