PROCESSIONAL CROSS WITH CHRIST. COPPER, ENAMEL. LIMOGES, FRANCE, 13TH-14TH CENTURIES.

Antiques -
Reference: ZF0375

Processional cross shot with Crucified. Golden copper, enamels. Limoges, France, 13th-14th centuries.
Latin type processional cross made of over-glued copper, with fleur-de-lis finishes on its arms, four oval extensions on them (which above and below are included in the plates that decorate the piece), decorated on the back with a composition of simplified plant elements in which there are three winged animals and a character sitting at a table and with a space, in the center, with a plate with enamels; in front, with a similar background composition, and apart from the two mentioned plates, a figure of Jesus Crucified with three nails, short purity cloth, softened anatomy and face with schematic features and slightly inclined head is presented. The decorative motifs of the cross have been enhanced thanks to a work of “luster chopping” based on small circles in the “bottom”.
Iconographically, in the front of the piece, an angel appears descending from the heavens with a censer above, and a human figure sitting on a throne, with a phylacterium and nimbus around the head, with short hair; on the back, with enamel remains, Christ on the Throne, holding the Orb of Creation, and, on the cross, the elements of the Tetramorphs (lion, bull, eagle and "winged man").
Limoges enamels are known as a series of pieces of metal (copper, silver, gold) of religious themes decorated with the technique of Champlevé enamel using a series of colors (blue, green, white ...), inherited or inspired by the works of the Monastery of Silos (Spain), and with a great boom throughout Europe in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Production had already declined by 1370, when the looting of Limoges by the English took place. However, towards the end of the fifteenth century it resurfaced but already with the technique of "painted enamel" and clearly Renaissance models. The quantity of conserved pieces has allowed a series of more or less detailed studies, immediately perceiving the existence of a series of "prototypes" or "models" that would be repeated with slight variations for quite some time both in figures and in arches, staves, etc.; Likewise, it is necessary to insist on the variety of objects made in Limoges with the typical decoration of colored enamels and gilt metal, preserved in some of the main private collections and in prominent museums around the world.
Compare this piece with the processional cross of the 13th century of the Diocesan Museum of Lleida also made in Limoges, a copy preserved in private collections, that of silver with enamels dated in the 14th century known as “Cruz de Noguera” (today in the Museum Diocesan of the Cathedral of El Salvador de Albarracín) and one similar to this one found in the Victoria & Albert Museum in London (with a punch from Tarragona), for example."


· Size: 38x3x59 cms.

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