POLYCHROMED WOOD AND IRON CUPBOARD. SPAIN, 1773.

Antiques -
Reference: ZF0472

Polychrome closet. Carved wood, polychrome, iron. 18th century (1773).
High cabinet with four doors and two drawers made of carved and polychrome wood decorated to the outside with a series of moldings and flat carvings organized in square and rectangular areas on three of its four fronts, and slightly raised from the floor thanks to four small legs. The two doors in the upper zone give access to a single area (as in the lower zone), keeping the two drawers in the central strip of the furniture.
Above, the flat area is enhanced with a protruding molding. Next, another molding frames both doors and central area, separating these three areas at the same time. In the lower area the auction is repeated using fine smooth moldings. The doors of the upper area have a symmetrically organized decoration, taking both into account: it is necessary to highlight the presence of the date in the quarters of the upper exterior corners of the doors (in a "Year" and in another "1773") on shapes flat geometric; the rest of the boxes (combining rectangular with square in the center) show simple geometric elements. The drawers have frames and wooden knobs flanking them; This area is decorated with other cases. The doors in the lower area show rectangular boxes with simpler geometric elements than those in the upper one. The two doors on the right side and the drawers have key locking, and lock shields with simple decorations. The sides, again, show a combination of casetones with geometric and vegetable flat carvings.
In Spanish furniture, it is possible to speak of a regionalization in the second half of the 18th century, adopting what was most convenient for the French, English or Italian traditions and combining it with the local tradition. The cabinets usually follow, within bourgeois furniture, European traditions, but with door panels decorated with carvings and often polychrome. In general, the bourgeoisie and the provincial nobility remained more or less faithful to the Renaissance, adding details of the new styles.
The Spanish taste for small panels and moldings on the exterior led to the so-called furniture of cuarterones in the Renaissance. In the eighteenth century, the barracks would be painted (usually light colors), preserving the schemes and adapting lines and moldings to the fashions to use. Compare the present example, although highlighting the differences, with the Mudejar wardrobe decorated with panels from the 13th century of the Lion Cathedral and with the cabinet painted in 1776 made in Austria that is preserved in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. Note the certain similarities with the polychrome headboard that is preserved in the Museum of America in Madrid; notable differences with the 18th century Juan Pedro López's closet of the Blanton Museum; and slight resemblance to the sacristy doors of the Shrine of Our Lady of the Hermitages (Orense)."


· Size: 150x62x226 cms.

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