Antiques - Sculpture
Reference: Z3642

Pair of sculptures in polychrome wood. "San Juan and San Pablo". Castilian school, sixteenth century.
Both male figures have been represented standing up, with their main iconographic attributes and dressed in the timeless robes that the era reserved to highlight the sacred people. The youngest has a chalice in his hand, from which comes a serpent, and an eagle at his feet; the bearded man presents a sword from which the hilt can be seen.
The first is San Juan, with the eagle of the Tetramorfos allusive to his Gospel, and the chalice related to the episode of the Golden Legend of Jacobo de la Vorágine in which he tells that the Emperor Domitian wanted to kill him with a wine with poison, which escaped in the form of a snake after the evangelist blessed the cup. The second is Saint Paul, with that characteristic aspect that relates him to much earlier Paleochristian works and to the sword of his martyrdom, which also refers to a text of his Letter to the Ephesians.
Stylistically, both devotional carvings of round shape show a marked Italian Renaissance influence in cloths, contrapposto, proportions and gestures, distancing works from the other trend of the time that was closer to flamenco models, which preferred greater drama. The Gothic has been left behind, as shown by the naturalness of faces, bends, anatomy and gestures, after much effort. It was necessary to first accustom the clientele to new tastes and that the artists learned the technical and aesthetic novelties that the arrival of the Renaissance meant, and it was developed in different times and at very different levels according to the regions or the artists. Compare the works, for example, with the San Juan de Circulo by Juan Rodríguez of the Simón Díaz Foundation (work deposited in the Museum of the Fairs of Medina del Campo, Valladolid)."

· Size: 26x26x76 cms.

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