WALNUT THREE KEYS CHEST WITH WROUGHT IRONWORK, CASTILLE (SPAIN), 17TH CENTURY.

Antiques - Furniture
Reference: Z3404

Ark "of City Hall" in walnut and wrought iron hardware. Castilla, seventeenth century.
Rectangular arch with a flat lid on four spherical legs and a lower prominent molding, reinforced with corners and featuring two handles with a central disc on the sides and, on its front front, three locks with a lock shield decorated and highlighted on a cloth background, with their respective keys. These have the decorated stem and ring with openwork circular elements.
This type of cabinet is called "City Hall" or "Council" for its three locks, each of which closes with its respective key. These furniture were used in any type of organization, religious or civil, to store valuable items, documents or money and each key was delivered to a responsible, being essential to meet the three for the opening of the furniture, avoiding any possible temptation. They were a very common element in councils or town halls of towns and other populations, hence its name.
Stylistically, it is placed inside the Baroque by the strength of the lower trim and the movement provided by the legs and the shapes of the different fittings. The typology was already used in the Gothic period and, given its success, it would continue to be commonplace in the workshops of cabinetmakers and carpenters for many centuries. Sometimes they were made in iron, and, in very few cases, three keys are used as the closing of an ark in silver (the one that contains the body of San Isidro, Madrid). In many places, such as La Rioja, it was used as a municipal archive, following laws inherited from a pragmatics of June 9, 1500 with which the Catholic Kings forced the Councils of their territories to build consistorial houses, jails and have an ark of privileges and writings. Despite having been so abundant in their time, we have not come many examples for having fallen into disuse and be replaced. Compare with the Council of Villafranca de la Marisma (Los Palacios y Villafranca, Seville), Valdipiélago (León), Matapozuelos (Valladolid), Buenos Aires City Council of Argentina (18th century, following previous models), etc."


· Size: 152x67,5x76 cms.

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