Antiques - Miscellaneous / Other Objects
Reference: ZA5034

Carved and gilded frame with painting on vellum, "Virgin of the Rosary with Saint Dominic de Guzmán and Saint Catherine of Siena", 17th century. Inscription in the back area (D. José Salazar). Quadrangular frame with square projections in the corners and semicircular projections in the centers of the sides. The meaty and outstanding vegetable carving that it presents is overgilded, being able to appreciate in some areas the red bowl with which the thin sheets of metal were adhered to the wood. The painting on vellum presents a magnificent openwork work, flowers on the border and various characters. The scene represented is the Virgin giving the rosary to Santo Domingo de Guzmán and Santa Catalina de Siena. Mary appeared to the founder of the Dominicans, giving him the "Crown of Roses of Our Lady", also called a rosary and teaching him to pray it, with the mandate that he preach it among men. This particular dedication is known as Virgen del Rosario. Santa Catalina de Siena took the habits of the third order of Santo Domingo at the age of 16, despite family opposition. That is why she is depicted dressed like this. It was the members of her order who dedicated themselves to expanding her cult throughout Europe, attributing common miracles to other saints (stigmatization) and representing her in numerous scenes. One is the one in this work: despite not having participated in the delivery of the rosary, she is included in the theme together with Santo Domingo, flanking Mary, who usually appears with the Child. The Virgin appears in heaven, with the saint on her right and the saint on her left, giving them a garland of flowers that symbolizes this rosary; the buildings in the background refer to the religious foundations that were carried out thanks to Santo Domingo (the first formal community of “hermanos preachers” was organized around 1215; the same saint founded a female monastery in Prohuille). The delicate work on vellum with the openwork and the marked presence of flowers put the work in relation to some feminine convent of the order. It would be commissioned by themselves or brought as part of a sister's dowry. The great quality and importance of the frame indicate the great value that was given to the painting, which would be hung on a wall as evidenced by the presence of a metal hook on the back. Frames similar to the present, with the same quality and importance of carving, are not easy to find. Similar examples are preserved in the J. Paul Getty Museum in Miami, the Victoria & Albert Museum in London, the National Museum of Decorative Arts in Madrid, the Louvre in Paris, etc. Paintings on vellum were very common in the Baroque because it was a much cheaper support than board. However, being executed by lesser artists, their value has only recently been recognized, so not many examples survive.

· Size: 33x37.5 LUZ 13.5X18 cms.

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