Antiques - Miscellaneous / Other Objects
Reference: ZA5034

Frame carved and overpainted with paint on vellum, "Virgen del Rosario with Santo Domingo de Guzmán and Santa Catalina de Siena", 17th century.
Registration in a later area (Mr. José Salazar).
Quadrangular frame with square projections at the corners and semicircular at the centers of the sides. The fleshy and outstanding vegetal carving that it presents is gilded, being able to appreciate in some zones the red bowl with which the fine sheets of metal were adhered to the wood. The painting on vellum presents a magnificent work of draft, flowers on the border and several characters.
The scene that is represented is the Virgin delivering the rosary to Santo Domingo de Guzmán and Santa Catalina de Siena. Mary appeared to the founder of the Dominicans, giving him the "Crown of roses of Our Lady", also called rosary and teaching him to pray it, with the mandate that he preach it among men. This particular advocation is known as Virgen del Rosario.
St. Catherine of Siena took the habits of the third order of St. Dominic at age 16, despite family opposition. That is why it is represented as dressed. It was the members of his order who dedicated themselves to expand their cult throughout Europe, attributing common miracles to other saints (stigmatization) and representing it in numerous scenes. One is that of the present work: despite not having participated in the delivery of the rosary, it is included in the theme with Santo Domingo, flanking Mary, who usually appears with the Child. The Virgin appears in heaven, with the saint on her right and the saint on her left, giving them a garland of flowers that symbolizes this rosary; the buildings in the background refer to the religious foundations that were carried out thanks to Santo Domingo (the first formal community of "brothers preachers" was organized around 1215, the same saint founded a female monastery in Prohuille).
The delicate work in vellum with the drafts and the marked presence of flowers put the work in relation to some female convent of the order. It would be commissioned by themselves or brought as part of a sister's dowry. The great quality and importance of the frame indicate the great value that was given to the painting, which would be hung on a wall as evidenced by the presence of a metal hook in the back.
Frames similar to the present, with the same quality and importance of size, are not easy to find. Similar examples include the J. Paul Getty Museum in Miami, the Victoria & Albert Museum in London, the National Museum of Decorative Arts in Madrid, the Louvre in Paris, etc. The paintings on vellum were very common in the Baroque for being a support much cheaper than the table. However, when executed by minor artists, their value has only recently been recognized, so many examples are not preserved."

· Size: 33x37.5 LUZ 13.5X18 cms.

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