Antiques -
Reference: ZF0700

Devotional pendant or reliquary. Oil painting on aventurine, enamel, gold. Spain, 17th century. Medallion or devotional pendant or reliquary made of aventurine or aventurine with an octagonal shape and faceted fronts, enhanced with a series of enamels combining black and gold, which protect two oil paintings of a Catholic Christian religious theme, located one on each side of the piece . Protected, you can see a very particular Virgin and Child for being inspired by the Icon of the Madonna del Popolo (Rome, Italy), and a simplified Martyrdom of San Lorenzo (the saint, the grill and an angel with a crown and the palm corresponding to the topic). The edges of the piece have been protected with simple metal elements. The painting of San Lorenzo follows a common composition in the Spanish school, and would be reminiscent of works such as the painting of the main altar of the Church of San Lorenzo in Huesca, for example, but also others such as the engraving by Marcantonio Raimondi (executed around 1527 ) in some details. The so-called icon of the Madonna del Popolo was well known for being considered to have been made by Saint Luke, and was brought to the church of the same denomination by Gregory IX from the Sancta Sanctorum of the Lateran Palace after a flood caused a terrible plague in the city and through a solemn procession with the image to Santa Maria del Popolo. As for the material of the piece, a certain type of glass and a type of quartz (which can be green or reddish brown, and usually has tiny yellow mica elements that give it golden reflections) is known as aventurine or aventurine. In the first case, it is known that “venturine” or “stellaria” appears mentioned in the Murano workshops for the first time during the first quarter of the 17th century, in reference to a very complicated production paste (it is said that the name comes from of this circumstance, that is, that its creation was due to luck or fortune) that imitates the effects of that stone (coming from India and Russia at that time) thanks to the inclusion of copper particles, and that was used as if out of stone (cut) given the complexity of its use in blowing (practically impossible). And, discussing this material, it is necessary to mention “The Nativity” by Pietro da Cortona, dated around 1656, which is preserved in the El Prado Museum (Madrid) because it is an oil painting on aventurine or aventurine. Compare the present work with the reliquary medallion with an image of the Virgin painted on aventurine dated between 1600 and 1633 from the Lázaro Galdiano Museum (Madrid); with another devotional medallion in gold and aventurine from the National Museum of Decorative Arts (Madrid) dated to the 17th-18th centuries; or with the medallion that is also a reliquary that presents an Immaculate Conception painted on aventurine, dated between the 18th and 19th centuries from the National Museum of Decorative Arts (Madrid); or with the 16th century Spanish devotional pendant from the Metropolitan Museum in New York with Saint John the Baptist and the Virgin (which combines white and black enamels, in a different way than the present piece); or with the 17th century black and white enamel and gold pendant with a triangular shape from the Valencia Institute of Don Juan in Madrid. Weight: 103 grams.

· Size: 9x0.7x8 cms.

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